The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (Undergraduate) (or NEET (UG), is an entrance examination in India for students who wish to study undergraduate medical courses (MBBS) and dental courses (BDS) in the government or private medical and dental colleges in India. NEET-UG replaced the All-India Pre-Medical Test (AIPMT) and all individual MBBS exams conducted by states or colleges by themselves in 2013. However, many colleges and institutes had taken a stay order and conducted private examinations for admission to their MBBS and BDS courses. NEET- UG is a single entrance test for admissions to more than 66,000 MBBS and BDS seats across India.
In 2018, around 80% of the candidates wrote NEET-UG in English, 11% in Hindi, 4.31% in Gujarati, 3% in Bengali, and 1.86% in Tamil. After the enactment of NMC Act 2019 in September 2019, NEET-UG became a common all-India entrance test for admissions to medical colleges in India including the All-India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research (JIPMER) which until then conducted separate entrances.